Every NYS VTL Code, Description, Point Value, Fine Amount Per Violation, and Estimated Insurance Premium Increase

Did you know that there are almost 1,000 ways to get a traffic ticket in NY? All of those ways are written out in the New York State Vehicle and Traffic Law (NYS VTL). Although most of them have the same or similar penalties, a few are unique.

This list is a work in progress and will be updated periodically

The first column of the chart lists the NYS VTL code. To better understand how the code reads, let’s take a look at the code for “Unauthorized Windshield Stickers.” That’s 375.1(b.i). There are four parts of this code:

  • Section. This is the overarching structure of the law. Usually, the section itself only has one line before breaking into subsections.
  • Subsection. Subsections add rules and regulations to the section.
  • Paragraph. Paragraphs clarify parts of the subsection or add more specifics to it.
  • Subparagraph. Subparagraphs are just like paragraphs, but clarify paragraphs rather than subsections.

There are also chapters, titles, and articles. But you don’t have to worry about those. We did all the work for you, just like your lawyer should when you use the WinIt app!

The second columns lists a quick description of the ticket. It might be an exact match to your ticket or it might only be similar. That depends on where the violation occurred.

The third columns lists how many points the ticket can add to your license.

The fourth, fifth, and sixth columnss list how much the violation fine can be. If you get two or more of the same violation within 18 months, the price can get quite steep.

The seventh columns lists an estimate of how much your insurance might increase from this ticket. Keep in mind that every insurer is different, so your actual results may vary. We used $2,000 as the estimated annual coverage cost. This is the total cost over four years, since insurers can see the past four years of your driving record.

The eighth columns lists the surcharge. This is an additional cost you have to pay for a traffic ticket conviction. A good strategy is to just outright avoid any ticket conviction whatsoever. That’s where WinIt comes in. Hire a New York traffic lawyer through the WinIt app and you might be able to avoid any and all of the following NY traffic violations:

VTL CodeViolation DescriptionPoints1st Conviction (18 months)2nd Conviction (18 months)3rd Conviction (18 months)Insurance IncreaseSurcharge
207.5Misuse or Unlawful Disposal of a Uniform Traffic Summons —Misdemeanor *0Up to $300 and 30 days in jail.Up to $525 and 90 days in jail.Up to $1,125 and 180 days in jail.$0 †$88 or $93 (town or village court)
301-aFailure to Submit Proof of Re-Inspection Following an Accident —Traffic Infraction ‡0Up to $150 and 15 days in jail. Indefinite suspension of registration or rejection of registration renewal [See §306(a)].Up to $300 and 45 days in jail. Indefinite suspension of registration or rejection of registration renewal [See §306(a)].Up to $450 and 90 days in jail. Indefinite suspension of registration or rejection of registration renewal [See §306(a)].$88 or $93 (town or village court)
301-b.1Violation of Heavy-Duty Emissions Standards —Traffic Infraction0$700 ($150 if corrected within 30 days of the violation). Indefinite suspension of registration or rejection of registration renewal [See §306(a)].$1,300 ($500 if corrected within 30 days of the violation). Indefinite suspension of registration or rejection of registration renewal [See §306(a)].$1,300 ($500 if corrected within 30 days of the violation). Indefinite suspension of registration or rejection of registration renewal [See §306(a)].$88 or $93 (town or village court)
301-b.2Uninspected Heavy Duty Vehicle —Traffic Infraction0$700 ($350 if corrected within 30 days of the violation). Indefinite suspension of registration or rejection of registration renewal [See §306(a)].$1,300 ($750 if corrected within 30 days of the violation). Indefinite suspension of registration or rejection of registration renewal [See §306(a)].$1,300 ($750 if corrected within 30 days of the violation). Indefinite suspension of registration or rejection of registration renewal [See §306(a)].$88 or $93 (town or village court)
303(b)Failure to Keep Inspection Records —Traffic Infraction ‡0Up to $150 and 15 days in jail.Up to $300 and 45 days in jail.Up to $450 and 90 days in jail.$88 or $93 (town or village court)
303(c)Failure to Display Official Inspection Station Notices —Traffic Infraction ‡0Up to $150 and 15 days in jail.Up to $300 and 45 days in jail.Up to $450 and 90 days in jail.$88 or $93 (town or village court)
303(e)(1)Failure to Conduct Proper Inspections —Traffic Infraction0Up to $750. Inspection license suspended or revoked indefinitely.Up to $1,000. Inspection license suspended or revoked indefinitelyUp to $1,000. Inspection license suspended or revoked indefinitely$88 or $93 (town or village court)
303(e)(2)Conviction Involving Fraud, Theft, Burglary, or Perjury —N/a0Up to $750. Inspection license suspended or revoked indefinitely.Up to $1,000. Inspection license suspended or revoked indefinitelyUp to $1,000. Inspection license suspended or revoked indefinitely$88 or $93 (town or village court)
303(e)(3)Fraudulent Use of Obtainment of an Inspection License —Traffic Infraction0Between $350 and $1,000. Inspection license suspended or revoked indefinitelyBetween $350 and $1,000. Inspection license suspended or revoked indefinitelyBetween $350 and $1,000. Inspection license suspended or revoked indefinitely$88 or $93 (town or village court)
303(e)(4)Excessive Charges as a Licensed Inspector —Traffic Infraction0Up to $750. Inspection license suspended or revoked indefinitely.Up to $1,000. Inspection license suspended or revoked indefinitelyUp to $1,000. Inspection license suspended or revoked indefinitely$88 or $93 (town or village court)
303(e)(5)Violation of Any Other Regulation Pertaining to Inspection Licenses —Traffic Infraction0Up to $750. Inspection license suspended or revoked indefinitely.Up to $1,000. Inspection license suspended or revoked indefinitelyUp to $1,000. Inspection license suspended or revoked indefinitely$88 or $93 (town or village court)
303(g)Failure to Surrender Suspended/Revoked Inspection License/Certificate —Misdemeanor*0Up to $300 and 30 days in jail.Up to $525 and 90 days in jail.Up to $1,125 and 180 days in jail.$88 or $93 (town or village court)
304-a(a)Unlicensed Inspection of a Motor Vehicle —Traffic Infraction ‡0Up to $150 and 15 days in jail.Up to $300 and 45 days in jail.Up to $450 and 90 days in jail.$88 or $93 (town or village court)
306(b)Uninspected Motor Vehicle —Traffic Infraction0Between $50 and $100. Indefinite suspension of registration or rejection of registration renewal [See §306(a)].Between $50 and $200 and up to 15 days in jail. Indefinite suspension of registration or rejection of registration renewal [See §306(a)].Between $50 and $200 and up to 15 days in jail. Indefinite suspension of registration or rejection of registration renewal [See §306(a)].$88 or $93 (town or village court)
306(b)Uninspected Motor Vehicle (if you had a valid inspection certificate within the past 60 days)  —Traffic Infraction0Between $50 and $100. Indefinite suspension of registration or rejection of registration renewal [See §306(a)].Between $50 and $100. Indefinite suspension of registration or rejection of registration renewal [See §306(a)].Between $50 and $100. Indefinite suspension of registration or rejection of registration renewal [See §306(a)].$88 or $93 (town or village court)
306(d)Improper Issuance of a Certificate of Inspection —Traffic Infraction ‡0Up to $150 and 15 days in jail.Up to $300 and 45 days in jail.Up to $450 and 90 days in jail.$88 or $93 (town or village court)
306(e)Issue or Use of a Falsified Inspection Certificate —Misdemeanor *0Up to $300 and 30 days in jail.Up to $525 and 90 days in jail.Up to $1,125 and 180 days in jail.$88 or $93 (town or village court)
306(f)Unauthorized Inspection Station —Misdemeanor *0Up to $300 and 30 days in jail.Up to $525 and 90 days in jail.Up to $1,125 and 180 days in jail.$88 or $93 (town or village court)
313.4(h)Unlawfully Releasing or Disclosing Vehicle Registration Information from a Government Database —Misdemeanor *0Up to $300 and 30 days in jail.Up to $525 and 90 days in jail.Up to $1,125 and 180 days in jail.$88 or $93 (town or village court)
318.7Failure to Surrender License, Registration, and/or Plates Following Revocation Thereof —Misdemeanor *0Up to $300 and 30 days in jail.Up to $525 and 90 days in jail.Up to $1,125 and 180 days in jail.$88 or $93 (town or village court)
318.12Violation of Impoundment —Traffic Infraction ‡Between $100 and $1,000. Potential vehicle confiscation for up to one year. Definite revocation of registration and plates [See §318.12(g)].Between $100 and $1,000. Potential vehicle confiscation for up to one year. Definite revocation of registration and plates [See §318.12(g)].Between $100 and $1,000. Potential vehicle confiscation for up to one year. Definite revocation of registration and plates [See §318.12(g)].$88 or $93 (town or village court)
319.1 (Might be listed as 319.1P or 319.1U)Operating or Permitting the Operation of a Motor Vehicle without Insurance —Traffic Infraction0Between $900 and $2,250 and up to 15 days in jail (See §319.5). License Revocation up to one year [See §318.2(a)].Between $900 and $2,250 and up to 15 days in jail (See §319.5). License Revocation up to one year [See §318.2(a)].Between $900 and $2,250 and up to 15 days in jail (See §319.5). License Revocation up to one year [See §318.2(a)].$88 or $93 (town or village court)
319.2Improper Insurance Card —Misdemeanor *0Up to $300 and 30 days in jail.Up to $525 and 90 days in jail.Up to $1,125 and 180 days in jail.$88 or $93 (town or village court)
332Failure to Satisfy Judgement (See §333) —Traffic Infraction0Indefinite suspension of license, registration, and plates.Indefinite suspension of license, registration, and plates.Indefinite suspension of license, registration, and plates.$88 or $93 (town or village court)
334(c)Default on Judgement Installments —Traffic Infraction0Indefinite suspension of license, registration, and plates.Indefinite suspension of license, registration, and plates.Indefinite suspension of license, registration, and plates.$88 or $93 (town or village court)
336Failure to Report Judgement —Traffic Infraction0At least $10.At least $10.At least $10.$0
340Failure to Surrender License, Registration, and Plates after the Suspension Thereof —Misdemeanor0Between $100 and $1,000 and up to 90 days in jail. See §358Between $100 and $1,000 and up to 90 days in jail. See §358Between $100 and $1,000 and up to 90 days in jail. See §358$88 or $93 (town or village court)
355Operating or Permitting the Operation of a Motor Vehicle without Proof of Insurance After Revocation —Misdemeanor0See §511: Aggravated Unlicensed OperationSee §511: Aggravated Unlicensed OperationSee §511: Aggravated Unlicensed OperationSee §511: Aggravated Unlicensed Operation$88 or $93 (town or village court)
356Forging or Signing Proof of Insurance without Authorization —Traffic Infraction0Up to $1,000 and 30 days in prisonUp to $1,000 and 30 days in prisonUp to $1,000 and 30 days in prison$88 or $93 (town or village court)
370.2Operating or Permitting the Operation of a Motor Vehicle or Motorcycle without a Surety Bond or Policy of Insurance —Misdemeanor *0Up to $300 and 30 days in jail.Up to $525 and 90 days in jail.Up to $1,125 and 180 days in jail.$88 or $93 (town or village court)
370.4Failure to Notify an Insurer of a Motor Vehicle or Motorcycle Accident —Misdemeanor *0Up to $300 and 30 days in jail.Up to $525 and 90 days in jail.Up to $1,125 and 180 days in jail.$88 or $93 (town or village court)
375.1(a)Inadequate Emergency or Hand Brakes —Traffic Infraction2Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).$88 or $93 (town or village court)
375.1(a)Inadequate Brakes —Misdemeanor *4Up to $300 and 30 days in jail.Up to $525 and 90 days in jail.Up to $1,125 and 180 days in jail.$88 or $93 (town or village court)
375.1(a)Horn Violation —Traffic Infraction0Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).$58 or $63 (town or village court)
375.1(a)Inadequate Steering Mechanism —Traffic Infraction0Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).$58 or $63 (town or village court)
375.1(b)Inadequate Windshield Wipers —Traffic Infraction0Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).$58 or $63 (town or village court)
375.1(b.i)Unauthorized Stickers on Windshield or Rear Window —Traffic Infraction0Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).$58 or $63 (town or village court)
375.1(b.ii)Placement of Advertisements on Windshield —Traffic InfractionUp to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).$58 or $63 (town or village court)
375.1(c)Inadequate Brakes on Heavy Duty Vehicle —Misdemeanor *4Up to $300 and 30 days in jail.Up to $525 and 90 days in jail.Up to $1,125 and 180 days in jail.$88 or $93 (town or village court)
375.1(c)Unlawful deflection of trailer wheels —Traffic Infraction0Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).$58 or $63 (town or village court)
375.1(c)Unapproved Trailer Hitch —Traffic Infraction0Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).$58 or $63 (town or village court)
375.1(e)Disconnected Service Brakes on Heavy Duty Vehicle —Misdemeanor *2 or  4Up to $300 and 30 days in jail.Up to $525 and 90 days in jail.Up to $1,125 and 180 days in jail.$88 or $93 (town or village court)
375.2(a)No/Inadequate Headlights when Dark or while Windshield Wipers are In Use —Traffic Infraction0Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).$58 or $63 (town or village court)
375.2(a)1No/Inadequate Headlights —Traffic InfractionUp to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).$58 or $63 (town or village court)
375.2(a)2 & 375.2(a)3No/Inadequate Tail Lights —Traffic Infraction0Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).$58 or $63 (town or village court)
375.2(a)4No/Inadequate License Plate Light —Traffic Infraction0Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).$58 or $63 (town or village court)
375.2(b)Glaring or Dazzling Headlights or Tail Lights —Traffic Infraction0Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).$58 or $63 (town or village court)
375.2(c)Unauthorized Lights —Traffic Infraction0Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).$58 or $63 (town or village court)
375.2(d)No/Inadequate Headlights on Snow Plow or Similar Equipment —Traffic Infraction0Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).$58 or $63 (town or village court)
375.3Failure to Dim Headlights —Traffic Infraction2Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).$58 or $63 (town or village court)
375.4Use of Unapproved Headlights, Except on a Motorcycle —Traffic Infraction0Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).$58 or $63 (town or village court)
375.7Sale of Unapproved Headlights or Approved Headlights without Proper Documentation —Misdemeanor *0Up to $300 and 30 days in jail.Up to $525 and 90 days in jail.Up to $1,125 and 180 days in jail.$88 or $93 (town or village court)
375.9No/Inadequate Fire Extinguisher on a Bus —Traffic Infraction0Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).$58 or $63 (town or village court)
375.10(a)No/Inadequate Rear View Mirror —Traffic Infraction0Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).$58 or $63 (town or village court)
375.10(b)No/Inadequate Right Side Mirror on Bus —Traffic Infraction0Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).$58 or $63 (town or village court)
375.10(c)No/Inadequate Interior Mirror(s) —Traffic Infraction0Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).$58 or $63 (town or village court)
375.10(d)Manufacturer's of Inadequate Interior Mirrors for a Passenger-Type Motor Vehicle —Traffic Infraction0Up to $750Up to $750Up to $750$58 or $63 (town or village court)
375.10(e)No/Inadequate Rear Object Detection System on Large Box Trucks —Traffic Infraction0Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).$58 or $63 (town or village court)
375.10(f)No/Inadequate Rear Object Detection System on Large Sanitation Vehicles (Westchester County) —Traffic Infraction0Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).$58 or $63 (town or village court)
375.10-aNo/Inadequate Left Side Mirror —Traffic Infraction0Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).$58 or $63 (town or village court)
375.10-bNo/Inadequate Rear Window Defogger or Defroster (Certain Vehicles) —Traffic Infraction0Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).$58 or $63 (town or village court)
375.10-cNo/Inadequate Rear Window Defogger or Defroster (Certain Vehicles) —Traffic Infraction0Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).$58 or $63 (town or village court)
375.10-dNo/Inadequate Rear Window Defogger or Defroster (Certain Vehicles) —Traffic Infraction0Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).$58 or $63 (town or village court)
375.11No Safety Glass in Bus —Traffic Infraction0Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32). Indefinite suspension or revocation of public service commission permit.Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32). Indefinite suspension or revocation of public service commission permit.Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32). Indefinite suspension or revocation of public service commission permit.$58 or $63 (town or village court)
375.12No Safety Glass in a Vehicle other than a Bus —Traffic Infraction0Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32). Indefinite suspension or revocation of public service commission permit.Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32). Indefinite suspension or revocation of public service commission permit.Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32). Indefinite suspension or revocation of public service commission permit.$58 or $63 (town or village court)
375.12-a (a)Non-Transparent Windshield —Traffic Infraction0Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32). Indefinite suspension or revocation of public service commission permit.Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32). Indefinite suspension or revocation of public service commission permit.Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32). Indefinite suspension or revocation of public service commission permit.$58 or $63 (town or village court)
375.12-a (b)Excessive Tint —Traffic Infraction0Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32). Indefinite suspension or revocation of public service commission permit.Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32). Indefinite suspension or revocation of public service commission permit.Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32). Indefinite suspension or revocation of public service commission permit.$58 or $63 (town or village court)
375.12-a (e)Manufacture, Sale, Offer to Sell, or Equipping of a Vehicle with Excessive Tint —Traffic Infraction0Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32). Indefinite suspension or revocation of public service commission permit.Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32). Indefinite suspension or revocation of public service commission permit.Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32). Indefinite suspension or revocation of public service commission permit.$58 or $63 (town or village court)
375.12-a (ff)No/Inadequate Funeral Sign —Traffic Infraction0Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32). Indefinite suspension or revocation of public service commission permit.Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32). Indefinite suspension or revocation of public service commission permit.Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32). Indefinite suspension or revocation of public service commission permit.$58 or $63 (town or village court)
375.13Replacement of Glass with Any Other Kind of Glass than Safety Glass —Traffic Infraction0Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).$58 or $63 (town or village court)
375.17No/Inadequate Emergency Lighting Equipment (Certain Vehicles) —Traffic Infraction0Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).Up to $150 and 30 days in jail (See §375.32).$58 or $63 (town or village court)

* = See §1800 † = No-point violations usually don’t cause your insurance premiums to increase, but they can. ‡ = See §1801

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